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A look at the future of Open Educational Resources
Downes, Stephen

Published5 July 2019
Type of workWeb log
PublisherStephen Downes: Knowledge, Learning, Community
CountryCanada, North America

ABSTRACT
Open Educational Resources (OER) have been traditionally defined as educational contents that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution. As the nature of educational content changes with new technology, however, so does the nature of OER. This paper explores the impact of four major types of technology on our understanding of OER: cloud infrastructure, open data, artificial intelligence, and decentralized networks. It is argued that these technologies result in a model of dynamic and adaptive resources that will be created at the point of need and will draw on constantly changing requirements and data sources. They will be created through distributed community-based processes, and they will support a pedagogy based on supporting student experiences rather than content transmission. As a result, the emphasis on content publication and licensing will decrease, while questions of access and interoperability will move to the fore.

ABSTRACT
摘要

开放教育资源(OER)在传统意义上被定义为公共领域内的教育内容,或是在开放许可下发行的内容,即允许无成本获取、使用、改编和再分配。当教育内容的性质随新技术发生改变时,OER的性质也随之改变。本文探索了四种主要技术类型对人们所认识的OER产生的影响:云基础设施、开放数据、人工智能和去中心化网络。本文认为,这些技术造成一种具备动态性和适应性的资源,该资源会随需求而产生,并且将利用经常变化的请求和数据源。这些资源将通过基于社群的分配过程创造,并且资源将支持一种基于加强学生体验而不是内容传输的教学法。因此,强调内容发布和许可的趋势将减少,而有关内容获取和互操作性的问题将成为优先解决的事项。

ABSTRACT
Los recursos educativos abiertos (REA) se han definido tradicionalmente como contenidos educativos que residen en el dominio público o se han publicado bajo una licencia abierta que permite el acceso, uso, adaptación y redistribución sin costo. Sin embargo, a medida que la naturaleza del contenido educativo cambia con las nuevas tecnologías, también lo hace la naturaleza de los REA. Este documento explora el impacto de cuatro tipos principales de tecnología en nuestra comprensión de REA: infraestructura en la nube, datos abiertos, inteligencia artificial y redes descentralizadas. Se argumenta que estas tecnologías dan como resultado un modelo de recursos dinámicos y adaptativos que se crearán en el punto de necesidad y se basarán en requisitos y fuentes de datos en constante cambio. Se crearán a través de procesos distribuidos basados ​​en la comunidad y apoyarán una pedagogía basada en apoyar las experiencias de los estudiantes en lugar de la transmisión de contenido. Como resultado, el énfasis en la publicación de contenido y las licencias disminuirá, mientras que las cuestiones de acceso e interoperabilidad pasarán a primer plano.

Keywords artificial intelligence · cloud · content addressable resources for education (CARE) · decentralized networks · inteligencia artificial · licencias · licensing · nube · Open Educational Resources (OER) · recursos direccionables de contenido para educación (CARE) · Recursos educativos abiertos (OER) · redes descentralizadas · 开放教育资源(OER),许可,云,人工智能,去中心化网络,教育内容可寻址资源(CARE)

RefereedYes
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)
URLhttps://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/page.cgi?post=69682
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



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IJOER-Spring-2019-A-Look-at-the-Future-final-06232019.pdf · 3.9MB7 downloads



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