The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Quality assurance toolkit for open and distance non-formal education
Latcham, Colin

PublishedMarch 2012
PeriodicalPages 1-99
PublisherCommonwealth of Learning

This Quality Assurance (QA) toolkit will be a useful resource for non-formal education and training (NFE) policy makers, programme managers, in-field staff and researchers working through governmental, non-governmental and community-based organisations, development assistance agencies and funding bodies.

NFE is an extremely wide field, encompassing themes with an enormous and ever-increasing need, including adult literacy, basic education for out-of-school children, life skills, work skills, gender equity and community development. Evidence of direct and tangible benefits to individuals, communities and economies must be demonstrated if these programmes are to receive the funding and support that they need.

QA systems applied in educational contexts are generally concerned with inputs — how much money is spent, what staffing, resources and support are provided, what kinds of teaching and learning are involved, and so on. There is an assumption — not always fulfilled — that the higher the standards of the inputs, the higher the quality of the outputs. In this toolkit, we propose a different approach: the evaluation of the programmes’ outcomes, outputs and impacts. We:

* Examine the differences between informal and self-directed learning, NFE and formal education.
* Provide examples of NFE programmes using a variety of face-to-face, distance education and technology-based teaching and learning methods.
* Examine the approaches to QA that are required in NFE.
* Consider the outputs, outcomes and impacts that can be achieved in NFE programmes.
* Propose the adoption of a rigorous but simple-to-use QA framework which is based on outputs, outcomes and impacts.

Keywords accreditation · blended learning · case study · flexible learning · hybrid learning · mLearning · mobile learning · non-formal education · Open Educational Resources · quality assurance · telecentres · tool kit

Published atVancouver
RefereedDoes not apply
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

QA NFE_150.pdf · 1.7MB293 downloads

Viewed by 127 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


Quality assurance toolkit for open schools
Ferreira, Frances; Walker, Carol; Mhlanga, Ephraim; Biswas, Gopa; et al.
Open schooling is becoming increasingly prevalent in many developing countries. Enrolment numbers are rising rapidly, particularly at the secondary school level. But quality assurance remains limited. Open schooling ...
Match: accreditation; case study; quality assurance; Canada

Integrating OER in Teaching: A Guide for Teachers in the Pacific
Commonwealth of Learning
This guide is intended to assist teachers in the Pacific to integrate Open Educational Resources (OER) into their teaching. It shows ways in which teachers can use OER in their classroom, as well as supporting remote ...
Match: blended learning; hybrid learning; Canada

RIPOFF 101: How the current practices of the textbook industry drive up the cost of college textbooks
Fairchild, Merriah; California Student Public Interest Research Group (CALPIRG)
With student and faculty complaints about the price of college textbooks on the rise, the California Student Public Interest Research Group (CALPIRG), the Oregon Student Public Interest Research Group (OSPIRG) and the ...
Match: education; case study; Open Educational Resources

Park, Jane
This document is aimed at individual academics and decision-makers in higher education institutions that are interested in becoming active participants in the OER world, as publishers and users of OER. At the beginning ...
Match: education; Open Educational Resources; tool kit

Developing and deploying OERs in sub-Saharan Africa: Building on the present
Wright, Clayton R.; Reju, Sunday A.
Open educational resources (OERs) have the potential to reduce costs, improve quality, and increase access to educational opportunities. OER development and deployment is one path that could contribute to achieving ...
Match: education; Open Educational Resources; Canada

Structuring actions for open educational resources adoption
Wang, Shouhong; Wang, Hai
Open educational resources (OER) are growing over the past decade. While OER can make educational resources widely available to all students and educators for free, OER are still untried by the majority of instructors, ...
Match: case study; Canada

Cours en ligne ouverts et massifs : État des lieux et adoption au Canada français: Guide et bilan de l'impact des cours en ligne ouverts et massifs (CLOM) au Canada Francophone
Grégoire, Robert; European Association for Distance Teaching Universities
Match: case study; Canada

Eight patterns of open textbook adoption in British Columbia
Barker, Jennifer; Jeffery, Ken; Jhangiani, Rajiv; Veletsianos, George
Since the launch of the BC Open Textbook Project in 2012, the adoption of open textbooks has steadily grown within public post-secondary institutions in British Columbia, Canada. An analysis of adoption records over a ...
Match: Open Educational Resources; Canada

As good or better than commercial textbooks: Students’ perceptions and outcomes from using open digital and open print textbooks
Jhangiani, Rajiv S.; Dastur, Farhad N.; Le Grand, Richard; Penner, Kurt
The increase in the cost of college textbooks together with the proliferation of digital content and devices has inspired the development of open textbooks, open educational resources that are free, openly licensed, and ...
Match: Open Educational Resources; Canada

Investigating the perceptions, use, and impact of open textbooks: A survey of post-secondary students in British Columbia
Jhangiani, Rajiv; Jhangiani, Surita
Unrelenting increases in the price of college textbooks have prompted the development and adoption of open textbooks, educational resources that are openly licensed and available to students free of cost. Although ...
Match: Open Educational Resources; Canada