The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Beyond OER: Shifting focus to open educational practices
Andrade, António · Ehlers, Ulf Daniel · Caine, Abel · Carneiro, Roberto · Conole, Gráinne · Kairamo, Anna-Kaarina · Koskinen, Tapio · Kretschmer, Thomas · Moe-Pryce, Nick · Mundin, Paul · Nozes, Judite · Reinhardt, Rolf · Richter, Thomas · Silva, Gonçalo · Holmberg, Carl

PeriodicalPages 1-191
PublisherOpen Educational Quality Initiative

Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution.

In partnership with key European institutions, UNESCO is a member of the (Open Educational Quality (OPAL) Initiative to develop a Framework of OER Practices that improve quality and innovation in education.

UNESCO contributed to the international dimensions of the Report, especially policy development and institutional capacity building, and will also be responsible for its wide dissemination.

Institutional policies for OER are still a long way from impacting on educational institutions, according to findings from the OPAL quantitative survey. The perception by respondents that OER lead to institutional innovation still does not translate into implementation at the organization level. This is further compounded, on the one hand, by the very modest levels of support to factors that induce or enable the implementation of Open Educational Practices (OEP) in educational institutions, and on the other hand, by the level of importance attached by respondents to institutional policy barriers to the use of OER.

The report presents the following key findings in relation to supporting factors for OER.

Policy support for OER:

Support and recognition for OER projects and initiatives is necessary in institutional policy in higher education and adult education.
Support for localization, adaptation and translation of existing OER and support for implementing appropriate licensing schemes are viewed as very important.
Infrastructure, access and availability are seen as necessary conditions.
Promotion of quality assurance for OER is viewed as necessary.

Role of networks and partnerships for the diffusion of OER in institutions:

54% of all respondents stated that partnership with other organizations is a supporting factor for the use of OER.
Future OER-related support initiatives should focus their attention more on partnerships with other institutions.

Demand for specific quality assurance processes for OER

The report shows that systematic quality assurance mechanisms for OER are lacking in higher education and adult education in Europe.
Educational professionals give voice to considerable insecurity about how they can demonstrate the value of OER.

Keywords analysis · copyright · education · EFQUEL · higher education · ICDE · OER definition · OPAL · Open Educational Resources · Open University · plan · policy · research · statistics · UNESCO

Other informationBeyond OER
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

OPAL2011.pdf · 5.6MB1198 downloads

Viewed by 344 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


Barriers and motivators for using OER in schools
Ehlers, Ulf-Daniel; Richter, Thomas; Ehlers, Ulf Daniel; Koskinen, Tapio
For this study we investigated German teachers to see how they use, reuse, produce and manage OER. The research explored what motivators and barriers effect their use of OER, what others can learn from their Open ...
Match: Ehlers, Ulf Daniel; Koskinen, Tapio; Richter, Thomas

Accreditation of prior learning as a lever for lifelong learning: Lessons learnt from the New Opportunities Initiative, Portugal
Carneiro, Roberto; Mendonça, Maria Amélia; Carneiro, Maria Ana; Valente, Ana Cláudia; et al.
The book gives an account of the research conducted in the independent evaluation of the New Opportunities Initiative (NOI), one of the largest Portuguese governmental programmes in recent decades to upgrade ...
Match: Carneiro, Roberto; UNESCO

Open Educational Resources the way forward, deliberations of an international community of interest
D'Antoni, Susan; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; International Institute for Educational Planning
Between 2005 and 2007, a Community of Interest of more than 600 members from over half of the 193 Member States of UNESCO took part in online discussions on Open Educational Resources (OER) – open content for ...
Match: copyright; education; Open Educational Resources; policy; UNESCO

Validation of non-formal MOOC-based learning: An analysis of assessment and recognition practices in Europe (OpenCred)
Witthaus, Gabi; dos Santos, Andreia Inamorato; Childs, Mark; Tannhauser, Anne-Christin; et al.
This report presents the outcomes of research, conducted between May 2014 and November 2015, into emerging practices in assessment, credentialisation and recognition in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Following ...
Match: Conole, Gráinne; education; higher education

Changing the trajectory: Quality for opening up education
Creelman, Alastair; Shamarina-Heidenreich, Tatiana; Stracke, Christian M.; Kear, Karen; et al.
The jointly-organised EFQUEL Innovation Forum (EIF) 2014 and International Learning Innovations and Quality (LINQ) Conference took place in Crete on 7-9 May. The event addressed innovations and quality in lifelong ...
Match: Conole, Gráinne; Richter, Thomas

New approaches to openess: Beyond Open Educational Resources
Conole, Gráinne
This chapter begins by discussing the characteristics of social and participatory media and considers their implications for learning, teaching and research. The notion of openness is then considered and different ...
Match: Conole, Gráinne; OER definition; OPAL

5 Things You Should Know About the OER University Network Plan
Open Education Resource Foundation
Match: education; OER definition; Open Educational Resources; policy

WikiEducator: Visualising open education futures
Mackintosh, Wayne
A presentation about the Open Education Resource (OER) Foundation, a not-for-profit organisation that provides leadership, networking and support for educators and educational institutions to achieve their objectives ...
Match: education; OER definition; Open Educational Resources; policy

Using Cloudworks to support OER activities
Alevizou, Panagiota; Conole, Gráinne; Galley, R.
This report forms the third and final output of the Pearls in the Clouds project, funded by the Higher Education Academy. It focuses on evaluation of the use of a social networking site, Cloudworks, to support ...
Match: Conole, Gráinne; Open Educational Resources; research

Financially sustainable universities II: European universities diversifying income streams
Estermann, Thomas; Pruvot, Enora Bennetot
EUA has published a comprehensive new report on the financial sustainability of European universities. This report underlines that universities need both sufficient resources, and a long-term planning horizon to invest ...
Match: analysis; higher education; policy; research