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Validation of non-formal MOOC-based learning: An analysis of assessment and recognition practices in Europe (OpenCred)
Witthaus, Gabi · dos Santos, Andreia Inamorato · Childs, Mark · Tannhauser, Anne-Christin · Conole, Gráinne · Nkuyubwatsi, Bernard · Punie, Yves

PublishedAugust 2016
PeriodicalPages 1-105
PublisherPublications Office of the European Union, Joint Research Centre
RegionEurope

ABSTRACT
This report presents the outcomes of research, conducted between May 2014 and November 2015, into emerging practices in assessment, credentialisation and recognition in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Following extensive research on MOOCs in European Member States, it provides a snapshot of how European Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) recognise (or not) non-formal learning (particularly MOOC-based), and how some employers recognise open badges and MOOC certificates for continuing professional development. We analyse the relationship between forms of assessment used and credentials awarded, from badges for self-assessment to ECTS credits for on-site examinations, and consider the implications for recognition. Case studies provide deeper insights into existing practices. The report introduces a model which guides MOOC conveners in positioning and shaping their offers, and also helps institutions and employers to make recognition decisions. It concludes with a set of recommendations to European HEIs and policy makers to enable wider recognition of open learning in higher education and at the workplace.

Keywords case studies · education · higher education · ICT · MOOC · MOOC assessment · MOOC credentials · non-formal learning · open learning · recognition of MOOC-based learning

ISBN978-92-79-54208-4
RefereedDoes not apply
Rights© European Union, 1995-2016 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
DOI10.2791/809371
URLhttps://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/eur-scientific-and-technical-research-reports/validation-non-formal-mooc-based-learning-analysis-assessment-and-recognition-practices
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



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