The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Opening education
Smith, Marshall S.

PublishedJanuary 2009
JournalScience
Volume 323, Pages 89–93

ABSTRACT
Spurred by the publication of Massachusetts Institute of Technology OpenCourseWare in 2002, the open educational resources (OER) movement, which has rapidly expanded and captured the imagination and energy of millions of creators and users throughout the world, now faces many opportunities and substantial challenges as it moves to become an integral part of the world's educational environment. The confluence of the Web and a spirit of sharing intellectual property have fueled a worldwide movement to make knowledge and education materials open to all for use. OER are content (courses, books, lesson plans, articles, etc.), tools (virtual laboratories, simulations, and games), and software that support learning and educational practice. OER are free on the Web, and most have licenses that allow copyright holders to retain ownership while providing specified rights for use in original and modified forms. At the least, OER have helped to level the distribution of knowledge across the world. A second promise of OER is to help transform educational practices. This article explores the history of and promises and challenges for OER.

Keywords information technology · computer science · cost analysis · costs · curriculum · distance education · educational technology · educational technology economics · dissemination · intellectual property rights · Internet · libraries · open source software · teaching materials · higher education

Languageeng
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19119226
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


Viewed by 17 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Will Open Source Software Become an Important Institutional Strategy at Higher Education?
Abel, Rob; Alliance for Higher Education
The purpose of this article is to provide an ‘estimate’ of where we are and what to track as higher education open source initiatives progress.
Match: education; information technology; open source software

Defining openness: Updating the concept of "Open" for a connected world
Brent, Isabelle; Gibbs, Graham R.; Gruszczynska, Anna Katarzyna
The field of Social Research Methods is shared not only by the social sciences, but by many other disciplines. There is therefore enormous scope for the creation and re-use of open educational resources (OERs) in this ...
Match: information technology; educational technology; higher education

Open Educational Resources: Higher education students' knowledge and use
Alves, Paulo; Miranda, Luísa; Morais, Carlos
Information and communication technologies represent one of the main innovation factors within the teaching and learning process, especially in Higher Education. In this context, the search for building useful and ...
Match: information technology; educational technology; higher education

Guidelines for leveraging university didactics centers to support OER uptake in German-speaking Europe
Ebner, Martin; Schön, Sandra; Kumar, Swapna; Petrides, Lisa; Jimes, Cynthis
Although less well established than in other parts of the world, higher education institutions in German-speaking countries have seen a marked increase in the number of open educational resource (OER) initiatives and in ...
Match: distance education; educational technology; higher education

Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through open technology, open content, and open knowledge
Casserly, Cathy; Smith, Marshall S.; Iiyoshi, Toru; Kumar, M. S. V.
Match: Smith, Marshall S.; higher education

Exploring MOOC from education and Information Systems perspectives: a short literature review
Saadatdoost, Robab; Sim, Alex Tze Hiang; Jafarkarimi, Hosein; Mei Hee, Jee
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have gained significance as a new paradigm in education. MOOCs are open to any interested person and provide education products for a scalable number of learners who have access to ...
Match: education; information technology

Something for everyone? The different approaches of academic disciplines to Open Educational Resources and the effect on widening participation
Coughlan, Tony; Perryman, L -A.
This article explores the relationship between academic disciplines? representation in the United Kingdom Open University's (OU) OpenLearn open educational resources (OER) repository and in the OU's fee-paying ...
Match: education; distance education

The reciprocal and correlative relationship between learning culture and online education: A case from Saudi Arabia
Hamdan, Amani; McGreal, Rory; Conrad, Dianne
The purpose of this paper is to build on the insights of educators regarding the relationship between culture and online learning. More specifically, this paper aims to explore the ways in which students’ culture of ...
Match: education; distance education

Making academic OER easy: Reflections on technology and openness at Oxford University
Wild, Joanna; Highton, Melissa; Fresen, Jill
Due to its stringent entry requirements, academic reputation and world ranking, Oxford University in the United Kingdom is perceived by some as being a closed, exclusive, and elitist institution. As learning ...
Match: education; distance education

Developing and deploying OERs in sub-Saharan Africa: Building on the present
Wright, Clayton R.; Reju, Sunday A.
Open educational resources (OERs) have the potential to reduce costs, improve quality, and increase access to educational opportunities. OER development and deployment is one path that could contribute to achieving ...
Match: education; distance education