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Opening education
Smith, Marshall S.

PublishedJanuary 2009
JournalScience
Volume 323, Pages 89–93

ABSTRACT
Spurred by the publication of Massachusetts Institute of Technology OpenCourseWare in 2002, the open educational resources (OER) movement, which has rapidly expanded and captured the imagination and energy of millions of creators and users throughout the world, now faces many opportunities and substantial challenges as it moves to become an integral part of the world's educational environment. The confluence of the Web and a spirit of sharing intellectual property have fueled a worldwide movement to make knowledge and education materials open to all for use. OER are content (courses, books, lesson plans, articles, etc.), tools (virtual laboratories, simulations, and games), and software that support learning and educational practice. OER are free on the Web, and most have licenses that allow copyright holders to retain ownership while providing specified rights for use in original and modified forms. At the least, OER have helped to level the distribution of knowledge across the world. A second promise of OER is to help transform educational practices. This article explores the history of and promises and challenges for OER.

Keywords information technology · computer science · cost analysis · costs · curriculum · distance education · educational technology · educational technology economics · dissemination · intellectual property rights · Internet · libraries · open source software · teaching materials · higher education

Languageeng
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19119226
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


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