The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
The evolution of sustainability models for Open Educational Resources: insights from the literature and experts
Tlili, Ahmed · Nascimbeni, Fabio · Burgos, Daniel · Zhang, Xiangling · Huang, Ronghuai · Chang, Ting-Wen

Published5 November 2020
JournalInteractive Learning Environments
CountryChina, Spain

ABSTRACT
The adoption of Open Educational Resources (OER) can, on the one hand, increase access and quality in higher education, but on the other hand it is raising concerns among universities and researchers about its economic sustainability. This is mainly because, unlike traditional online learning, in OER-based approaches learners do not have to pay to access learning resources, however the institution incurs costs for the production, maintenance and dissemination of OER. In this context, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) has urgently called for more research on OER sustainability models in its 2019 OER recommendation. To contribute to a better understanding of this issue, this paper used the triangulation method to investigate the potential OER sustainability models that are currently implemented by universities, along with their challenges and possible developments. Through a comprehensive literature review and a 2-round Delphi method with thirty OER experts, ten OER sustainability models have been identified and analysed, where public and internal funding are the most established ones. The findings of this study could support organisations in developing their own OER sustainability strategy, facilitating OER adoption worldwide and therefore contributing to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Keywords open educational resources · distance education · revenue model · sustainability

LanguageEnglish
RefereedYes
RightsTaylor & Francis
DOI10.1080/10494820.2020.1839507
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


Viewed by 12 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Open Educational Resources and Practices in China: A Systematic Literature Review
Tlili, Ahmed; Huang, Ronghuai; Chang, Ting-Wen; Nascimbeni, Fabio; Burgos, Daniel
The concepts of Open Educational Resources (OER) and Open Educational Practices (OEP), regarded as two pillars of the broader open education movement, have been evolving since the concept of OER was first coined in the ...
Match: Tlili, Ahmed; Nascimbeni, Fabio; Burgos, Daniel; Huang, Ronghuai; Chang, Ting-Wen; open educational resources; China

Open educational resources and the Belt and Road initiative
Chang, Ting-Wen; Tlili, Ahmed; Yang, Junfeng; Huang, Ronghuai
With the rapid advance of technologies, new ways of learning have emerged. One of these ways is open learning using Open Educational Resources (OERs). Several researchers have then reported several advantages of using ...
Match: Tlili, Ahmed; Huang, Ronghuai; Chang, Ting-Wen; open educational resources; China

Are MOOCs Open Educational Resources? A literature review on history, definitions and typologies of OER and MOOCs
Stracke, Christian M.; Downes, Stephen; Conole, Grainne; Burgos, Daniel; Nascimbeni, Fabio
Open Education gained more visibility as a result of the emergence of Open Educational Resources (OER) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). This article discusses whether MOOCs should be considered as OER. Open ...
Match: Nascimbeni, Fabio; Burgos, Daniel; open educational resources

Emergence and development of MOOCs
Zheng, Qinhua; Chen, Li; Burgos, Daniel
The e-learning has until quite recently been marked by considerable attention paid to MOOCs. One of the disruptive innovations introduced by MOOCs is the open access to the process of teaching and learning. The impact ...
Match: Burgos, Daniel; China

Open educational resources in Italy: Connecting the macro, meso and micro levels, towards a national OER ecosystem
Nascimbeni, Fabio
The chapter presents a snapshot of the state of the art of Open Educational Resources (OER) in Italy. It starts from the macro public policy level, noting that OER are part of the national school policy, to the advocacy ...
Match: Nascimbeni, Fabio; open educational resources

OERaaS: Open educational resources as a service with the help of virtual containers
Burgos, Daniel; Corbi, Alberto
The new and challenging virtual containers are wide spread in a variety of sectors like systems administration, application deployment and service provision. However, these tools are not that much used in education and ...
Match: Burgos, Daniel

Understanding the impact of OER: Achievements and challenges
Hoosen, Sarah; Butcher, Neil; Knyazeva, Svetlana
The publication “Understanding the Impact of OER: Achievements and Challenges” is the result of partnership between the UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education (UNESCO IITE) and OER Africa, an ...
Match: sustainability; China

Open Education Policy
UNIR; Burgos, Daniel
This policy outlines the vision of Universidad Internacional de la Rioja (UNIR) towards Open Education (OE) in every form: Open Educational Resources (OER), Data, Research results, Policy, Licencing, Technology and ...
Match: Burgos, Daniel; open educational resources; Spain

Research on the educational resources sharing in the quality course construction
Gan, Jia-liang; Chen, Jian Xin; Zhou, M.
he year 2010 is the last year of the "Quality Project" and the seventh year of the improving teaching quality through Quality Course construction project. It is significant to do some research on the issue of opening ...
Match: distance education; China

Instructional interaction of MOOCs in China
Zheng, Qinhua; Chen, Li; Burgos, Daniel
MOOCs' interaction has the great impact on the quality of the courses. The purpose of this study is to analyze the interaction of MOOCs and to compare the differences in the interaction among different types of courses. ...
Match: Burgos, Daniel; China