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MOOC y Educaci贸n Basada en Competencias: Alternativas para la Educaci贸n del siglo XXI
Bonilla Murillo, Enrique

PublishedMay 2020
JournalDIM: Did谩ctica, Innovaci贸n y Multimedia
Volume 38
CountrySpain, Europe

La poblaci贸n diversa de estudiantes est谩 cambiando la forma en que las instituciones de educaci贸n superior realizan sus actividades acad茅micas. Hoy los estudiantes tienen diferentes caracter铆sticas, intereses y necesidades. Son estudiantes de una amplia gama de edades, conocimientos, habilidades y aspiraciones. El estilo de vida, de estudio y de trabajo de los estudiantes de educaci贸n superior demandan que los sistemas de educaci贸n superior cumplan con lo que los estudiantes requieren para tener 茅xito en la sociedad moderna. Por otro lado, las econom铆as basadas en el conocimiento requieren individuos con habilidades del siglo XXI e instan a las universidades e instituciones de educaci贸n superior a brindar una educaci贸n adecuada a las caracter铆sticas de los diversos estudiantes de hoy. El prop贸sito de este trabajo es describir y analizar los MOOC y la educaci贸n basada en competencias (EBC) como tendencias actuales en la educaci贸n superior. Adem谩s, tiene la intenci贸n de describir sus antecedentes y c贸mo estas tendencias continuar谩n influyendo en el proceso de aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Adem谩s, el an谩lisis se enfoca en c贸mo los MOOC y la EBC se ajustan a la necesidad de una educaci贸n centrada en el estudiante y c贸mo ambas tendencias contribuyen en sus formas 煤nicas a la educaci贸n superior.

The diverse student population is changing the way higher education institutions conduct their academic activities. Today students have different characteristics, interests, and needs. They are students of a wide range of ages, knowledge, skills, and aspirations. The lifestyle, study, and work of higher education students demand that higher education systems meet what students require to succeed in modern society. On the other hand, knowledge-based economies require individuals with 21st century skills and urge universities and higher education institutions to provide an education appropriate to the characteristics of today's diverse students. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze MOOCs and Competency Based Education (CBE) as current trends in higher education. Additionally, it is intended to describe their background and how these trends will continue to influence the student learning process. In addition, the analysis focuses on how MOOCs and CBE adjust to the need for student-centered education and how both trends contribute in their unique ways to higher education.

Keywords educaci贸n · MOOCs · estudiantes · educaci贸n siglo XXI · education · students · 21st century education

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