The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Estimating displacement rates of copyrighted content in the EU
van der Ende, Martin · Poort, Joost · Robert Haffner · de Bas, Patrick · Yagafarova, Anastasia · Rohlfs, Sophie · van Til, Harry · Directorate-General for the Internal Market and Services (European Commission) [corporate]

PublishedSeptember 2017
Type of workFinal report
PeriodicalPages 1-306
PublisherEuropean Commission

The extent to which digital consumption of pirated materials displaces legitimate purchases is of fundamental importance for EU copyright policy design. The European Commission has commissioned Ecorys to carry out a study on the relation between online copyright infringement (digital piracy) and sales of copyrighted content. This study adds to the existing literature in at least three ways. Firstly, it compares piracy rates in multiple EU Member States calculated according to the same methodology. This makes it possible to compare results between countries. Secondly, displacement rates are estimated in the presence of an important recent phenomenon, i.e. the widespread availability of a wide variety of services for downloading or streaming content. Thirdly, the study includes minors to assess the extent of piracy among this group.

Keywords computer piracy · copyright · digital technology · downloading · electronic commerce · EU Member State · European Union

Other numberKM-04-14-009-EN-N, KM-04-14-009-EN-N
RefereedDoes not apply
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

displacement_study.pdf · 3.3MB19 downloads

Viewed by 12 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


With due respect to PricewaterhouseCoopers
Nair, Meera
Howard Knopf (a prominent intellectual property lawyer and longstanding advocate for maintaining the limits upon copyright as prescribed by law) has drawn our attention to a new study commissioned by Access Copyright ...
Match: copyright

Stealing the goose: Copyright and learning
McGreal, Rory
The Internet is the world's largest knowledge common and the information source of first resort. Much of this information is open and freely available. However, there are organizations and companies today that are ...
Match: copyright

UK opens access to 91 million orphan works
Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, Intellectual Property Office
A new licensing scheme launched today could give wider access to at least 91 million culturally valuable creative works.
Match: copyright

Copyright and open educational resources
Prabhala, Achal
Contents Section 1: Introduction to Copyright and Licensing Section 2: What are Open Educational Resources (OERs)? Section 3: Key OER Projects from Around the World Section 4: Key Licensing Resources Open Educational ...
Match: copyright

Park, Jane
This document is aimed at individual academics and decision-makers in higher education institutions that are interested in becoming active participants in the OER world, as publishers and users of OER. At the beginning ...
Match: copyright

Will Open Source Software Become an Important Institutional Strategy at Higher Education?
Abel, Rob; Alliance for Higher Education
The purpose of this article is to provide an ‘estimate’ of where we are and what to track as higher education open source initiatives progress.
Match: copyright

Developing and deploying OERs in sub-Saharan Africa: Building on the present
Wright, Clayton R.; Reju, Sunday A.
Open educational resources (OERs) have the potential to reduce costs, improve quality, and increase access to educational opportunities. OER development and deployment is one path that could contribute to achieving ...
Match: copyright

Creative Commons: A User Guide
Aliprandi, Simone
This is an operational manual which guides creators, step-by-step, in the world of Creative Commons licenses. The author goes into technical details of the tools offered by Creative Commons. Written for those interested ...
Match: copyright

An alternative publishing model for academic textbook authors: Open education and writing commons
Moxley, Joe
Rather than assigning copyright to traditional or even nontraditional publishers for 5 to 15% of royalties, faculty can be their own publishers and own all of their materials – subject to institutional copyright ...
Match: copyright

Productivity commission: Tales of the widespread demise of Canadian publishers are just that
Katz, Ariel
Related Articles Coming to terms with copyright
Match: copyright