The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Institutional culture and OER policy: How structure, culture, and agency mediate OER policy potential in South African universities
Cox, Glenda and Trotter, Henry

PublishedSeptember 2016
JournalThe International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning
Volume 17, Issue 5, Pages 147-164
CountrySouth Africa, Africa

ABSTRACT
Several scholars and organizations suggest that institutional policy is a key enabling factor for academics to contribute their teaching materials as open educational resources (OER). But given the diversity of institutions comprising the higher education sector—and the administrative and financial challenges facing many institutions in the Global South—it is not always clear which type of policy would work best in a given context. Some policies might act simply as a “hygienic” factor (a necessary but not sufficient variable in promoting OER activity) while others might act as a “motivating” factor (incentivizing OER activity either among individual academics or the institution as a whole).In this paper, we argue that the key determination in whether a policy acts as a hygienic or motivating factor depends on the type of institutional culture into which it is embedded. This means that the success of a proposed OER-related policy intervention is mediated by an institution’s existing policy structure, its prevailing social culture and academics’ own agency (the three components of what we’re calling “institutional culture”). Thus, understanding how structure, culture, and agency interact at an institution offers insights into how OER policy development could proceed there, if at all. Based on our research at three South African universities, each with their distinct institutional cultures, we explore which type of interventions might actually work best for motivating OER activity in these differing institutional contexts.

Keywords agency · culture · enabling factors · institutional culture · motivating factors · OER · Open Educational Resources · policy · social realism · structure

Published atAthabasca, AB
ISSN1492-3831
Other number5
RefereedYes
Rightsby/4.0
DOI10.19173/irrodl.v17i5.2523
URLhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2523
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



AVAILABLE FILES
2523-21763-1-PB.pdf · 442KB16 downloads



Viewed by 16 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Factors shaping lecturers' adoption of OER at three South African universities
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Arinto, Patricia B.
The research presented here focuses on understanding the obstacles, opportunities and practices associated with Open Educational Resources (OER) adoption at three South African universities. It addresses the question: ...
Match: Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry; OER; Open Educational Resources; policy; South Africa

An OER framework, heuristic and lens: Tools for understanding lecturers’ adoption of OER
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry
This paper examines three new tools – a framework, an heuristic and a lens – for analysing lecturers’ adoption of OER in higher educational settings. Emerging from research conducted at the universities of Cape ...
Match: Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry; institutional culture; South Africa; Africa

Factors shaping lecturers’ adoption of OER at three South African universities
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry
Higher education around the world faces many challenges, including increasing demand for student access to higher education institutions (HEIs), increasing costs for higher education and textbooks, as well as increasing ...
Match: Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry; Africa

Open educational resources and institutional repositories
Ferguson, Christine L.
This installment of The Balance Point column delves into the ways in which libraries create and store open educational resources (OER) in institutional repositories (IR), addressing issues such as preservation and ...
Match: institutional; OER; Open Educational Resources

OER and OEP in the Global South: Implications and recommendations for social inclusion
Arinto, Patricia; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Trotter, Henry; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Arinto, Patricia B.
The Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) project was undertaken to provide a better understanding of the uptake of Open Educational Resources (OER) and their impact on education in the Global ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; OER; Open Educational Resources

Cultural-historical factors influencing OER adoption in Mongolia's higher education sector
Zagdragchaa, Batbold; Trotter, Henry; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Arinto, Patricia B.
The research presented here investigates the strategies and practices of educators from six public and private higher education institutions (HEIs) in Mongolia in order to understand the role of Open Educational ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; OER; Open Educational Resources

Factors influencing open educational practices and OER in the Global South: Meta-synthesis of the ROER4D project
Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Arinto, Patricia; Cartmill, Tess; King, Thomas; et al.
This chapter provides a meta-synthesis of the findings from the Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) empirical studies based on the 13 sub-project chapters in this volume as well as other ...
Match: agency; OER; Open Educational Resources; social realism

Striving toward openness: But what do we really mean?
Rolfe, Vivien
The global open education movement is striving toward openness as a feature of academic policy and practice, but evidence shows that these ambitions are far from mainstream, and levels of awareness in institutions is ...
Match: institutional culture; OER; Open Educational Resources

A review of the role of national policy and institutional mission in European distance teaching universities with respect to widening participation in higher education study through open educational resources
Lane, Andy
The open educational resources (OER) movement is relatively new with few higher education institutions (HEIs) publishing or using them, and even fewer using them to widen engagement or participation in HE study. ...
Match: institutional; Open Educational Resources

A social justice framework for understanding Open Educational Resources and practices in the Global South
Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Trotter, Henry
At the heart of the open educational resources (OER) movement is the intention to provide affordable access to culturally relevant education to all. This imperative could be described as a desire to provide education in ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; Open Educational Resources; South Africa; Africa