The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Cultural-historical factors influencing OER adoption in Mongolia's higher education sector
Zagdragchaa, Batbold and Trotter, Henry

PublishedDecember 2017
PeriodicalChapter 11, Pages 389-424
PublisherAdoption and impact of OER in the Global South, African Minds, International Development Research Centre & Research on Open Educational Resources
EditorsHodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl and Arinto, Patricia B.

The research presented here investigates the strategies and practices of educators from six public and private higher education institutions (HEIs) in Mongolia in order to understand the role of Open Educational Resources (OER) in their work. It addresses the question: Which cultural–historical factors shape OER activities in Mongolia’s higher education sector? In addition, the study sets out to determine whether OER has the potential to move beyond a niche innovation advocated and funded by international donors to one that is broadly adopted, implemented and disseminated by local educators.

The study employed a sequential exploratory model in which qualitative interviews comprised the first stage of data collection, followed by quantitative surveys. The interviews were conducted with 14 participants recruited using a convenience sample from four Mongolian HEIs, two government organisations and three non-governmental organisations. In total, eight educators and six administrators were interviewed. A follow-up survey was conducted with 42 instructors and administrators at six HEIs, also recruited through convenience sampling. The study utilised Cultural Historical Activity Theory as a framework to analyse the data.

Findings indicate that despite recent efforts to promote OER by funding agencies and the government, OER awareness remains modest amongst higher education instructors and administrators. It is therefore not surprising that OER adoption rates in Mongolia are low. As a result, a culture around OER engagement has not yet emerged, with only isolated individual educators adopting OER. In contrast with many academics who often worry about the quality of OER, Mongolian educators appear to be more concerned about a particular sub-component of quality, which is relevance. In addition, many study participants expressed reservations about the potential value and utility of OER.

As a country, Mongolia has developed and supported large-scale educational resource projects, especially at the basic education level, and it may need to take a similar proactive stance regarding OER in the higher education sector if it seeks to improve the quality, relevance and cost-effectiveness of teaching content. As the first study on OER activity in Mongolia’s higher education system, this research has value and application for researchers and advocates pursuing an OER agenda, for policymakers seeking to understand how policy interventions might influence OER adoption in the national and institutional context, and for funding agencies aiming to boost educators’ OER engagement more broadly.

Keywords Advocacy · capacity development · higher education development · Mongolia · OER · Open Educational Resources

Published atCape Town & Ottawa
RightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

ROER4D-ch11-final.pdf · 231.4KB28 downloads

Viewed by 56 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


Institutional culture and OER policy: How structure, culture, and agency mediate OER policy potential in South African universities
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry
Several scholars and organizations suggest that institutional policy is a key enabling factor for academics to contribute their teaching materials as open educational resources (OER). But given the diversity of ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; OER; Open Educational Resources

Factors shaping lecturers' adoption of OER at three South African universities
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Arinto, Patricia B.
The research presented here focuses on understanding the obstacles, opportunities and practices associated with Open Educational Resources (OER) adoption at three South African universities. It addresses the question: ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; OER; Open Educational Resources

OER and OEP in the Global South: Implications and recommendations for social inclusion
Arinto, Patricia; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Trotter, Henry; Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Arinto, Patricia B.
The Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) project was undertaken to provide a better understanding of the uptake of Open Educational Resources (OER) and their impact on education in the Global ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; OER; Open Educational Resources

A social justice framework for understanding Open Educational Resources and practices in the Global South
Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Trotter, Henry
At the heart of the open educational resources (OER) movement is the intention to provide affordable access to culturally relevant education to all. This imperative could be described as a desire to provide education in ...
Match: Trotter, Henry; Open Educational Resources

Understanding the impact of OER: Achievements and challenges
Hoosen, Sarah; Butcher, Neil; Knyazeva, Svetlana
The publication “Understanding the Impact of OER: Achievements and Challenges” is the result of partnership between the UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education (UNESCO IITE) and OER Africa, an ...
Match: Mongolia; OER; Open Educational Resources

One Mongolia: Building an open network for education in Mongolia
Enkhbat, D.; Porter, D.
Since the transition from a planned economy to a market‐based democracy in the early 1990s, Mongolian higher education has experienced rapid expansion. Between 1992 and 2007, the number of tertiary education ...
Match: Mongolia; Open Educational Resources

Asia regional consultation for the 2nd World OER Congress
Arinto, Patricia; Green, Cable; Wiley, David; Jermol, Mitja; et al.
The Commonwealth of Learning is holding six Regional Consultations in the lead up to the 2nd World Open Educational Resources (OER) Congress, which is scheduled to be held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, from 18 to 20 September ...
Match: Zagdragchaa, Batbold

An OER framework, heuristic and lens: Tools for understanding lecturers’ adoption of OER
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry
This paper examines three new tools – a framework, an heuristic and a lens – for analysing lecturers’ adoption of OER in higher educational settings. Emerging from research conducted at the universities of Cape ...
Match: Trotter, Henry

Open educational resources in Italy: Connecting the macro, meso and micro levels, towards a national OER ecosystem
Nascimbeni, Fabio
The chapter presents a snapshot of the state of the art of Open Educational Resources (OER) in Italy. It starts from the macro public policy level, noting that OER are part of the national school policy, to the advocacy ...

Factors shaping lecturers’ adoption of OER at three South African universities
Cox, Glenda; Trotter, Henry
Higher education around the world faces many challenges, including increasing demand for student access to higher education institutions (HEIs), increasing costs for higher education and textbooks, as well as increasing ...
Match: Trotter, Henry