The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Opportunities and threats of the MOOC movement for higher education: The European perspective
Schuwer, Robert · Jaurena, Ines Gil · Aydin, Cengiz Hakan · Costello, Eamon · Dalsgaard, Christian · Brown, Mark · Jansen, Darco · Teixeira, Antonio

PublishedNovember 2015
Type of workSpecial Issue: Towards a European perspective on Massive Open Online Courses
JournalThe International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning
Volume 16, Issue 6, Pages 20-38
EditorsConrad, Dianne and McGreal, Rory
RegionEurope

ABSTRACT
The Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) movement is the latest ‘big thing’ in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) which threatens to transform Higher Education. Both opportunities and threats are extensively discussed in literature, comprising issues on opening up education for the whole world, pedagogy and online versus campus education. Most of the literature focus on the origin of the MOOC movement in the US. The specific context of Europe with on the one hand autonomous countries and educational systems and on the other hand cross-border cooperation and regulations through the European Union differs from the US context.
This specific context can influence the way in which the MOOC movement affect education in Europe, both reusing MOOCs from other continents (US) as publishing MOOCs, on a European platform or outside of Europe. In the context of the EU funded HOME project, a research was conducted to identify opportunities and threats of the MOOC movement on the European institutions of higher education. Three sources of data were gathered and analysed. Opportunities and threats were categorized in two levels. The macro level comprises issues related to the higher education system, European context, historical period and institutional level.
The micro level covers aspects related to faculty, professors and courses, thus to the operational level. The main opportunities mentioned were the ECTS system as being a sound base for formal recognition of accomplishments in MOOCs, the tendency to cooperate between institutions, stimulated by EU funded programs and the many innovative pedagogical models used in MOOCs published in Europe. The main threats mentioned were a lacking implementation of the ECTS system, hindering bridging non/formal and formal education and too much regulation, hindering experimenting and innovation.

Keywords Europe · MOOC · opportunities · threats

ISSN1492-3831
Other number6
RefereedYes
Rightsby/4.0
DOI10.19173/irrodl.v16i6.2153
URLhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2153
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



AVAILABLE FILES
2153-19051-1-PB.pdf · 668KB2 downloads



Viewed by 10 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

MOOCs in Europe: Overview of papers representing a collective European response on MOOCs as presented during the HOME conference in Rome November 2015
Bang, Joergen; Dalsgaard, Christian; Kjaer, Arne; O’Donovan, Maria; et al.
Table of contents Foreword Part 1: Regional MOOC initiatives Building OOC layers on top of existing courses (M)OOCs in Iceland: Language and learning communities EduOpen network in Italy Part 2: Role media ...
Match: Aydin, Cengiz Hakan; Costello, Eamon; Dalsgaard, Christian; Brown, Mark; Jansen, Darco; MOOC

Comparing MOOC adoption strategies in Europe: Results from the HOME project survey
Jansen, Darco; Schuwer, Robert; Teixeira, Antonio; Aydin, Cengiz Hakan; et al.
Much of the literature and the academic discussion about the impact of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) in institutional strategic planning has been centred on the US context. However, data shows that although the US ...
Match: Schuwer, Robert; Aydin, Cengiz Hakan; Jansen, Darco; Teixeira, Antonio; Europe

The 2018 OpenupEd trend report on MOOCs
Jansen, Darco; Brown, Mark; Read, Timothy; Barcena, Elena; et al.
MOOCs, and open education in general, are providing new learning opportunities for millions of people. Investments in and the uptake of MOOCs are more and more significant worldwide. The 2018 OpenupEd Trend Report on ...
Match: Aydin, Cengiz Hakan; Brown, Mark; Jansen, Darco; Europe

Position papers for European cooperation on MOOCs
Cooperman, Larry; Dillenbourg, Pierre; van Valkenburg, Willem; Kos, Timo; et al.
An overview of position papers on the opportunities and characteristics for European cooperation as presented during the HOME conference in Porto November 2014 Based on an open call for position papers19 experts ...
Match: Costello, Eamon; Brown, Mark; Jansen, Darco; Europe; MOOC

A strategic response to MOOCs: How one European university is approaching the challenge
Brown, Mark; Costello, Eamon; Donlon, Enda; Giolla-Mhichil, Mairead Nic; et al.
This paper briefly outlines some of the macro level claims, counter-claims and unresolved debates surrounding the rapid growth of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in Higher Education. It then reports insights, ...
Match: Costello, Eamon; Brown, Mark; Europe

The development of MOOCs: Irish country report
Costello, Eamon; Brown, Mark; HOME Project; European Association for Distance Teaching Universities
This paper summarises the Irish response to the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) movement through integrating a number of data sources, including the findings from a recent institutional survey. In reflecting on the ...
Match: Costello, Eamon; Brown, Mark; Europe; MOOC

The MOOC potential to address European challenges in CPD and continuous education
Pitt, Rebecca; Friedl, Christian; Jansen, Darco; Driha, Oana; et al.
Despite being a relatively new phenomenon, MOOCs have started to be employed not just within higher education systems, but also within a corporate context for recruiting and training of new employees, human resource ...
Match: Jansen, Darco; Europe; MOOC

The 2015 open and online education trend report: Perspectives on developments in Dutch higher education
Baas, Marjon; Buitendijk, Simone; van Elk, Lianne; Filius, Renée; et al.
For the fourth consecutive year, the Open Education Special Interest Group and SURFnet have prepared a trend report outlining the latest dynamic developments in the area of open content, open education and – as of ...
Match: Schuwer, Robert; Europe

Beyond the pioneering phase: Moving towards the adoption of open education
Schuwer, Robert; Wild, Ulrike; Baas, Marjon; van Hees, Janina; et al.
MIT launched the global Open Educational Resources (OER) movement in 2001. The movement gained a major impetus in 2012 following the emergence of MOOCs: free online courses, often offered by leading research ...
Match: Schuwer, Robert; Europe

'A good start is half the work': Developing a MOOC to aid flexible learner transition into Higher Education
Brunton, James; Brown, Mark; Costello, Eamon; Farrell, Orna; et al.
Overview of papers on enhancement of European Higher Education as presented during the Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference in Rome, October 2016 This paper reports on a five week pre-induction ...
Match: Costello, Eamon; Brown, Mark; Europe