The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Open source resources in education: Opportunities and challenges
Friesen, Norm

PublishedJuly 2009
JournalOpen Source Business Resource

The education community has been at the forefront in envisioning and conceptualizing infrastructures intended for utilizing and sharing digital content or resources. However, this community has faced challenges in making these visions a reality. We begin by describing a relatively early attempt at creating an economy for sharing educational resources, referred to as learning objects. We then discuss two approaches to opening up educational contents to the world under the auspices of the more recent Open Educational Resources movement. One of these approaches has focused on creating open resources from scratch, utilizing Wiki content development and management technologies in the wake of the phenomenal success of Wikipedia. A second approach is represented by developments in Open Courseware. Following the example of MIT's Open Courseware, this approach has more recently been adopted by many other educational institutions under the OCW Consortium. We conclude by making the case that this second approach may represent the most promising of recent developments in the adaptation of open source and open content to educational practices and technologies.

Keywords OCW · MIT · learning objects · challenges · OpenCourseWare · wiki · web 2.0 · OER creation

Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

OSRE.pdf · 118.6KB29 downloads

Viewed by 39 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


Our history
In 1999, MIT Faculty considered how to use the Internet in pursuit of MIT's mission—to advance knowledge and educate students—and in 2000 proposed OCW. MIT published the first proof-of-concept site in 2002, ...
Match: OCW; MIT

Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through open technology, open content, and open knowledge
Casserly, Cathy; Smith, Marshall S.; Iiyoshi, Toru; Kumar, M. S. V.
Match: challenges; MIT; OpenCourseWare; web 2.0

Open Educational Resources: New possibilities for change and sustainability
Friesen, Norm
In an attempt to understand the potential of OER for change and sustainability, this paper presents the results of an informal survey of active and inactive collections of online educational resources, emphasizing data ...
Match: Friesen, Norm; learning objects; OpenCourseWare

Understanding open source for open education
Klein, Lindy; Abas, Zoraini Wati; Jung, Insung; Luca, JosephEditors
Open Education is a phrase used to refer to various types of education offerings. This paper examines the history of the New Age Open Education, providing information for individuals to learn more about, and become ...
Match: MIT; OpenCourseWare; wiki; web 2.0

Forward, Mary Lou; Oblinger, Diana. G.
OpenCourseWare (OCW) and open educational resources (OER) are based on the simple yet powerful idea that free and open sharing in education can drive improvements in teaching and learning around the world. Sharing this ...
Match: challenges; OCW; OpenCourseWare

The advancement of lifelong learning through Open Educational Resources in an open and flexible (self) learning context
Mulder, Fred
The concept of Open Educational Resources has become one of the most relevant themes in the educational world. In this context, ICDE has decided to launch a new initiative: the ICDE Global Task Force on Open Educational ...
Match: MIT; wiki; web 2.0

Background and action paper on OER: A background and action paper for staff of bilateral and multilateral organizations at the strategic institutional education sector level
West, Paul G.; Victor, Lorraine; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Match: OpenCourseWare; wiki; web 2.0

Integrating MOOCs in regular higher education: Challenges and opportunities from a Scandinavian perspective
Dalipi, Fisnik; Ferati, Mexhid; Kurti, Arianit; Zaphiris, Panayiotis; Ioannou, Andri
MOOCs are increasingly being considered by universities as an integral part of their curriculum. Nevertheless, there are several challenges that to some extent slow this process, where the most important one is the ...
Match: opportunities; challenges

Open educational resources (OER): Opportunities and challenges for Indian higher education
Dutta, Indrajeet
Creation of knowledge workers holds key for success of a country. Unfortunately, many of the countries though having chain of human resources yet are unable to transform human resources to their advantage as they face ...
Match: opportunities; challenges

A review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) movement: Achievements, challenges, and new opportunities
Atkins, Daniel E.; Brown, John Seely; Hammond, Allen L.
Section one, OER history, structure and definition. Section two, we will review the portfolio of OER grants to date in the context of the overall Technology/Open Educational Resources Logic Model and the description ...
Match: OCW; MIT