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Elements of Open Education: An Invitation to Future Research
COER Group [corporate] · Zawacki-Richter, Olaf · Conrad, Dianne · Bozkurt, Aras · Aydin, Cengiz Hakan · Bedenlier, Svenja · Jung, Insung · Stöter, Joachim · Veletsianos, George · Blaschke, Lisa Marie · Bond, Melissa · Broens, Andrea · Bruhn, Elisa · Dolch, Carina · Kalz, Marco · Kerres, Michael · Kondakei, Yasar · Marin, Victoria · Mayrberger, Kerstin · Müskens, Wolfgang · Naidu, Som · Qayyum, Adnan · Roberts, Jennifer · Sangrà, Albert · Loglo, Frank Senyo · Slagter van Tryon, Patricia J. · Xiao, Junhong

PublishedSeptember 2020
JournalInternational Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning
Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 319-334
CountryGermany, Europe

This paper explores elements of open education within the context of higher education. After an introduction to the origins of open education and its theoretical foundations, the topics of open and distance learning, international education issues in open education, open educational practices and scholarship, open educational resources, MOOCs, prior learning accreditation and recognition, and learner characteristics are considered, following the framework of macro, meso, and micro levels of research in open and distance learning. Implications for future research at the macro, meso, and micro levels are then provided.

Keywords open education · open learning · distance education · flexible learning · online learning · open educational resources · internationalization

RightsCC BY
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