The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Defining openness: updating the concept of "open" for a connected world
McAndrew, Patrick

Published2010
JournalJournal of Interactive Media in Education
Volume 2010, Pages 1–13

ABSTRACT
The release of free resources by the education sector has led to reconsideration of how the open approach implied by Open Educational Resources (OER) impacts on the educator and the learner. However this work has tended to consider the replication of standard campus based approaches and the characteristics of content that will encourage other institutions and individuals to join in (Wiley, 2006), rather than the approach to open learning itself and the changes that embracing openness imply. This paper will look at the experience of acting as an open university over 40 years, and how the understanding of the concept of openness has changed in the last 10 years by considering changes in how we view learners. The Open University was built on open concepts that allow learners to avoid barriers to study and successfully enabled more than 2 million people to experience formal higher education. However the openness that applied to the Open University did not cover all aspects that might be commonly assumed - such as free access, choice of start times, global availability. Offering free access to some material online has shown the impact that openness can have on learners and identified a range of behaviours that cluster around content driven and social driven approaches to learning. A combined view that considers the original values of open attached to The Open University alongside the emerging view from OER gives us the opportunity and driver for revising our view of openness and developing a position that helps bridge between formal and informal learning.

Keywords higher education · Open Educational Resources · Open University

Languageen
Rightsby/3.0
URLhttp://oro.open.ac.uk/25819/
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



AVAILABLE FILES
174-1773-1-PB.pdf · 177.3KB2 downloads



Viewed by 12 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Inspiring creativity in organisations, teachers and learners through Open Educational Resources
McAndrew, Patrick
The design of educational material has a history of allowing people to present an individual expert view (the researcher as academic teacher) and a published base of knowledge (the academic teacher as text book writer). ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; Open Educational Resources

MOOCs in Europe: Overview of papers representing a collective European response on MOOCs as presented during the HOME conference in Rome November 2015
Bang, Joergen; Dalsgaard, Christian; Kjaer, Arne; O’Donovan, Maria; et al.
Table of contents Foreword Part 1: Regional MOOC initiatives Building OOC layers on top of existing courses (M)OOCs in Iceland: Language and learning communities EduOpen network in Italy Part 2: Role media ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; higher education

Open Learning Network: The evidence of OER impact
McAndrew, Patrick; Cropper, Karen
Much of the initial work on Open Educational Resources (OER) has inevitably concentrated on how to produce the resources themselves and to establish the idea in the community. It is now eight years since the term OER ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; Open Educational Resources

Planning the OER landscape
McAndrew, Patrick; Makriyannis, Elpida; Casserly, Cathy; Vollmer, Timothy
The Open Educational Resources (OER) field will soon be entering its second decade and is thirsting for an analytic frame for the eco-system of content, tools, projects, institutions and enthusiasts. Community members ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; Open Educational Resources

Impact of OER use on teaching and learning: Data from OER Research Hub (2013-2014)
Farrow, Robert; Pitt, Rebecca; de los Arcos, Beatriz; Perryman, Leigh-Anne; et al.
The true power of comparative research around the impact and use of open educational resources is only just being realised, largely through the work done by the Hewlett-funded OER Research Hub, based at The Open ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; higher education

Designing for educational technology to enhance the experience of learners in distance education: How Open Educational Resources, learning design and Moocs are influencing learning
Scanlon, Eileen; McAndrew, Patrick; O'Shea, Tim
The area of learning has a justifiable claim to be a special case in how it can be enhanced or supported by technology. In areas such as commerce and web design the aim is usually to ensure efficiency and support ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; Open Educational Resources

An open future for higher education
McAndrew, Patrick; Scanlon, Eileen; Clow, Doug
Key Takeaways As the world becomes more open, universities have the opportunity to embrace openness in how they carry out their operations, teaching, and research. Open educational resources can provide the catalyst ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; higher education

Are open educational resources the future of e-learning?
Kozinska, K.; Kursun, Engin; Wilson, Tina; McAndrew, Patrick; et al.
Increased interest in more open approaches to learning, in particular Open Educational Resources is reflected in the programmes of international organisations, national initiatives and the actions of individual ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; higher education

The role of CSCL pedagogical patterns as mediating artefacts for repurposing Open Educational Resources
Conole, Gráinne; McAndrew, Patrick; Dimitriadis, Yannis; Pozzi, Francesca; Persico, Donatella
Designing effective CSCL processes is a complex task that can be supported by existing good practices formulated as pedagogical patterns. From a cultural historical activity theory (CHAT) perspective previous research ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; Open Educational Resources

Opening up for OpenLearn: issues in providing open educational resources
McAndrew, Patrick; Santos, Andreia; Godwin, Stephen
The Open University is undertaking a major initiative (OpenLearn) to provide free access to learning material within an environment that allows learners to work with the material and use tools to help make sense of it, ...
Match: McAndrew, Patrick; Open Educational Resources