The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Resource requirements and costs of developing and delivering MOOCs
Hollands, Fiona and Tirthali, Devayani

PublishedNovember 2014
Type of workSpecial Issue: Research into Massive Open Online Courses
JournalThe International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning
Volume 15, Issue 5, Pages 113-133
Original PublicationThe International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning
EditorsMcGreal, Rory and Conrad, Dianne

ABSTRACT
Given the ongoing alarm regarding uncontrollable costs of higher education, it would be reasonable to expect not only concern about the impact of MOOCs on educational outcomes, but also systematic efforts to document the resources expended on their development and delivery. However, there is little publicly available information on MOOC costs that is based on rigorous analysis. In this article, we first address what institutional resources are required for the development and delivery of MOOCs, based on interviews conducted with 83 administrators, faculty members, researchers, and other actors in the MOOCspace. Subsequently, we use the ingredients method to present cost analyses of MOOC production and delivery at four institutions. We find costs ranging from \$38,980 to \$325,330 per MOOC, and costs per completer of \$74-\$272, substantially lower than costs per completer of regular online courses, by merit of scalability. Based on this metric, MOOCs appear more cost-effective than online courses, but we recommend judging MOOCs by impact on learning and caution that they may only be cost-effective for the most self-motivated learners. By demonstrating the methods of cost analysis as applied to MOOCs, we hope that future assessments of the value of MOOCs will combine both cost information and effectiveness data to yield cost-effectiveness ratios that can be compared with the cost-effectiveness of alternative modes of education delivery. Such information will help decision-makers in higher education make rational decisions regarding the most productive use of limited educational resources, to the benefit of both learners and taxpayers.

Keywords higher education · MOOC cost analysis ·  · online learning

ISSN1492-3831
Other number5
RefereedYes
Rightsby/4.0
URLhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1901
Other informationIRRODL
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



AVAILABLE FILES
1901-15544-1-PB.pdf · 293.8KB23 downloads



Viewed by 71 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Why do institutions offer MOOCs?
Hollands, Fiona; Tirthali, Devayani
By reviewing the literature and interviewing 83 individuals knowledgeable about massive open online courses (MOOCs), we investigate the goals of institutions of higher education that are currently developing and ...
Match: Hollands, Fiona; Tirthali, Devayani; higher education; online learning

A study of user participation across different delivery modes of a massive open online course
Sinclair, Jane; Boyatt, Russell; Foss, Jonathan; Rocks, Claire
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are offered by many universities, with hundreds of thousands of people worldwide having registered for one or more of the many available courses. Despite the potential that has been ...
Match: higher education; online learning

Impact of OpenCourseWare publication on higher education participation and student recruitment
Carson, Stephen; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon; Gooding, Ira; Mulder, Fred; Schuwer, Robert
The free and open publication of course materials (OpenCourseWare or OCW) was initially undertaken by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and other universities primarily to share educational resources among ...
Match: higher education; online learning

Promoting distance education in higher education in Cape Verde and Mozambique
Ramos, Fernando; Tajú, Gulamo; Canuto, Louisette
Over the past six years, the authors have been project leaders for three distance education initiatives in Cape Verde and Mozambique: • a blended learning master’s degree in multimedia in education for faculty in ...
Match: higher education; online learning

MOOCs: Expectations and reality: Full report
Hollands, Fiona M.; Tirthali, Devayani
The Question: Do MOOCs cost-effectively produce desirable educational outcomes compared to face-to-face and other online options? The Study: Based on extensive research and interviews, The Centre for Benefit-Cost ...
Match: Tirthali, Devayani

Brief report on Open Praxis figures and data (2017)
Inés Gil-Jaurena
In the first Open Praxis issue in 2018 we briefly report on some statistics and information about Open Praxis development. The report covers the period January 2013 - December 2017, with a special focus in volume 9, ...
Match: higher education; online learning

Russian perspectives of online learning technologies in higher education: An empirical study of a MOOC
Larionova, Viola; Brown, Ken; Bystrova, Tatiana; Sinitsyn, Evgueny
There has been a rapid growth of massive open online courses (MOOCs) in the global education market in the last decade. Online learning technologies are becoming increasingly widespread in the non-formal education ...
Match: higher education; online learning

Rethinking A Framework for Contextualising and Collaborating in MOOCs by Higher Education Institutions in Africa
Erkkie, Haipinge; Kadhila, Ngepathimo
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are online courses that are open to anyone with Internet access. Pioneered in North America, they were developed for contexts with broader access to technology and wider access to the ...
Match: higher education; online learning

How directing formal students to institutionally-delivered OER supports their success
Law, Patrina
The OpenLearn platform was launched in 2006 with the aim of delivering excerpts of the Open University’s (UK) (OU) curriculum as open educational resources (OER). Now reaching over 8.5m learners a year, the platform ...
Match: higher education; online learning

HarvardX and MITx: Two years of open online courses Fall 2012-Summer 2014
Ho, Andrew Dean; Chuang, Isaac; Reich, Justin; Coleman, Cody Austun; et al.
What happens when well-known universities offer online courses, assessments, and certificates of completion for free? Early descriptions of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have emphasized large enrollments, low ...
Match: higher education; ; online learning