The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
MOOCs and the AI-Stanford Like Courses: Two Successful and Distinct Course Formats for Massive Open Online Courses
Rodriguez, C. Osvaldo

Published2012
JournalEuropean Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning
Volume 15, Pages 13
CountryUnited States, North America

ABSTRACT
Open online courses (OOC) with a massive number of students have represented an important development for online education in the past years.

A course on artificial intelligence, CS221, at the University of Stanford was offered in the fall of 2011 free and online which attracted 160,000 registered students. It was one of three offered as an experiment by the Stanford computer science department to extend technology knowledge and skills to the entire world. The instructors were two of the best known experts in the subject of artificial intelligence. Although students would not get Stanford University grades or credit, 20,000 from 190 countries finished the course successfully receiving a “statement of accomplishment” from the tutors Sebastian Thrun and Peter Norvig. Udacity is a start-up from the authors of CS221 delivering similar massive free online courses. EdX, a joint partnership between The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University to offer online learning to millions of people around the world, is one of the most recent proposals in this realm.

Massive open online courses known as connectivist MOOCs (c-MOOCs) on the other hand have been delivered since 2008. They are based on the explicit principles of connectivism (autonomy, diversity, openness and interactivity) and on the activities of aggregation, remixing, repurposing and feeding forward the resources and learning.

In the research literature, newspaper and magazine articles both types of OOCs, AI-Stanford like courses (AI) and c-MOOCs, have been identified in many occasions as equivalent.

Distance education (DE) pedagogy can be classified through the evolution of three categories: cognitive-behaviourist, social constructivist, and connectivist. These three current and future generations of DE pedagogy have an important place in a well-rounded educational experience. To a large extent, the generations have evolved in tandem with the technologies and all three models are very much in existence today and are categorized by a set of conditions.

In this paper we study in detail representative courses from AI and c-MOOC formats. We establish that although they share the use of distributed networks the format associated with c-MOOCs, which are defined by a participative pedagogical model, are unique and different from AI. We further assign to the AI to a cognitive-behaviourist (with some small contribution of social constructivist) and MOOCs to connectivist pedagogy.

Keywords massive open online course · MOOC · distance education pedagogy

LanguageEnglish
ISSN1027-5207
RefereedYes
URLhttps://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ982976
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



AVAILABLE FILES
EJ982976.pdf · 267.9KB6 downloads



Viewed by 155 distinct readers




CLOUD COMMUNITY REVIEWS

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Cloud editors.

Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Instructional quality of massive open online courses: A review of attitudinal change MOOCs
Watson, William R.; Watson, Sunnie Lee; Janakiraman, Shamila
This study builds on prior research regarding attitudinal learning MOOCs, and a study examining the quality of MOOCs based on adherence to the first principles of instruction. Nine MOOCs designed for attitudinal ...
Match: massive open online course; MOOC; United States; North America

Report of the Massive Open Online Course on Blended Learning Practice (BLP MOOC 2 and 3)
Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Wilton, Daniel; Jensen-Tebb, Carmen; Ostashewski, Nathaniel
This is a combined report on the second and third offering of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on Blended Learning Practice (BLP) organised by Athabasca University, Canada in collaboration with the Commonwealth of ...
Match: massive open online course; North America

MOOCs: A learning journey
Smith, Becky; Eng, Min; Cheung, Simon K. S.; Fong, Joseph; et al.
MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) have been radically changing the direction of online education in the last few years. Although sharing many common features, there has been an emergence of two distinct varieties of ...
Match: massive open online course; MOOC; North America

Assessment approaches in massive open online courses: Possibilities, challenges and future directions
Xiong, Yao; Suen, Hoi K.
The development of massive open online courses (MOOCs) has launched an era of large-scale interactive participation in education. While massive open enrolment and the advances of learning technology are creating ...
Match: massive open online course; United States; North America

What are MOOCs?
Waks, Leonard J.
The large MOOC platforms were introduced against the background of the occupational and educational crises after 2008. The first Massive Open Online Courses, or MOOCs, were introduced in 2007 and entered the higher ...
Match: MOOC; United States; North America

Open is an invitation: Exploring use of open educational resources with Ontario post-secondary educators
Hayman, Jenni; Mertler, Craig; Roen, Duane; Anderson, Terry
During the 2017-2018 academic year, I worked as Program Manager for a government-funded post-secondary organization in Ontario, Canada. A core part of my professional role was creating awareness and increasing the use ...
Match: MOOC; United States; North America

Adopting MOOCs on campus: A collaborative effort to test MOOCs on campuses of the University System of Maryland
Griffiths, Rebecca; Chingos, Matthew; Spies, Richard; Mulhern, Christine
To address the paucity of data on the use of MOOCs in “traditional” postsecondary institutions, Ithaka S+R and the University System of Maryland studied the feasibility of repurposing MOOCs for use in hybrid, ...
Match: MOOC; United States; North America

Leadership education and MOOCs: A content analysis approach to understanding the pedagogy and characteristics of leadership massive open online courses (MOOCs)
Headrick, J. E. Jason
The purpose of this study is to identify the pedagogical strategies used for instruction and assessment in leadership-oriented MOOCs and gain a more refined understanding of the current state of MOOCs in leadership ...
Match: MOOC; United States; North America

The "Promises" of higher education: Access
Campaign for the Future of Higher Education
The “promise” that online learning will dramatically expand access to higher education is at the center of the recent push in the MOOC/Online movement. This paper examines research that can help us answer a crucial ...
Match: MOOC; United States; North America

Alexander the MOOC lands
Rogers, Guy M.
Almost four months ago my EdX/WellesleyX course, “Was Alexander Great?” was launched to test three questions about online education: whether a Massive Open Online Course could be as intellectually rigorous as a ...
Match: MOOC; United States; North America