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Los MOOC: ¬Ņsustituto o complemento de la formaci√≥n tradicional?
Aguado Franco, Juan Carlos

PublishedMay 2020
JournalTecnología, Ciencia y Educación
Volume 16, Pages 41-62
CountrySpain, Europe

Los cursos online, masivos y abiertos (massive open online courses [MOOC]) representan uno de los m√°ximos exponentes del uso de las nuevas tecnolog√≠as en la educaci√≥n, pues eliminan las barreras f√≠sicas y permiten acceder a estudios de alt√≠sima calidad de manera gratuita a alumnos procedentes de cualquier rinc√≥n del mundo.Con el objetivo de estudiar si, en este sentido, los MOOC pueden llegar a constituir una amenaza para las universidades tradicionales, o si por el contrario pueden convertirse en una herramienta que permita mejorar la docencia universitaria y facilitar el empleo de metodolog√≠as docentes activas, creamos cuatro MOOC de √°reas de conocimiento afines y los utilizamos como herra-mienta para el uso de metodolog√≠as como la clase invertida (flipped learning) en estudiantes de una misma titulaci√≥n.Los resultados muestran una mejora muy notable de las calificaciones de los alumnos debido al uso de los MOOC, y, como usuarios habituales de las nuevas tecnolog√≠as que son, valoran muy positivamente el uso de herramientas digitales en la encuesta realizada.Sin embargo, cuestionados acerca de la forma ideal de docencia, los alumnos prefirieron casi un√°nimemente el uso conjunto de los MOOC y de la docencia presencial, mostrando reticencias a la docencia llevada a cabo √ļnicamente de forma online a trav√©s de los MOOC.

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent one of the greatest exponents of the use of new technologies in education, since they eliminate physical barriers and allow students from any corner of the world to access high quality studies free of charge.With the aim of studying if, in this sense, MOOCs can become a threat to traditional universities, or if they can become a tool that allows to improve university teaching and facilitate the use of active teaching methodologies, we create four MOOC courses in related areas of knowledge and we use them as a tool for the use of methodologies such as flipped learning in students of the same degree.The results show a very notable improvement in student grades as a result of the use of MOOCs, and, as regular users of the new technologies that they are, they value the use of digital tools in the survey conducted very positively.However, when asked about the ideal way to receive teaching, they almost unanimously pre-ferred the joint use of MOOCs with face-to-face teaching, showing reluctance to teaching conducted only online through MOOCs.

Keywords cursos online · masivos y abiertos · innovaci√≥n docente · nuevas tecnolog√≠as · clase invertida · massive open online courses · MOOC · teaching innovation · communication technologies · flipped classroom

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