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Los MOOC: ¿sustituto o complemento de la formación tradicional?
Aguado Franco, Juan Carlos

PublishedMay 2020
JournalTecnología, Ciencia y Educación
Volume 16, Pages 41-62
CountrySpain, Europe

ABSTRACT
Los cursos online, masivos y abiertos (massive open online courses [MOOC]) representan uno de los máximos exponentes del uso de las nuevas tecnologías en la educación, pues eliminan las barreras físicas y permiten acceder a estudios de altísima calidad de manera gratuita a alumnos procedentes de cualquier rincón del mundo.Con el objetivo de estudiar si, en este sentido, los MOOC pueden llegar a constituir una amenaza para las universidades tradicionales, o si por el contrario pueden convertirse en una herramienta que permita mejorar la docencia universitaria y facilitar el empleo de metodologías docentes activas, creamos cuatro MOOC de áreas de conocimiento afines y los utilizamos como herra-mienta para el uso de metodologías como la clase invertida (flipped learning) en estudiantes de una misma titulación.Los resultados muestran una mejora muy notable de las calificaciones de los alumnos debido al uso de los MOOC, y, como usuarios habituales de las nuevas tecnologías que son, valoran muy positivamente el uso de herramientas digitales en la encuesta realizada.Sin embargo, cuestionados acerca de la forma ideal de docencia, los alumnos prefirieron casi unánimemente el uso conjunto de los MOOC y de la docencia presencial, mostrando reticencias a la docencia llevada a cabo únicamente de forma online a través de los MOOC.

ABSTRACT
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent one of the greatest exponents of the use of new technologies in education, since they eliminate physical barriers and allow students from any corner of the world to access high quality studies free of charge.With the aim of studying if, in this sense, MOOCs can become a threat to traditional universities, or if they can become a tool that allows to improve university teaching and facilitate the use of active teaching methodologies, we create four MOOC courses in related areas of knowledge and we use them as a tool for the use of methodologies such as flipped learning in students of the same degree.The results show a very notable improvement in student grades as a result of the use of MOOCs, and, as regular users of the new technologies that they are, they value the use of digital tools in the survey conducted very positively.However, when asked about the ideal way to receive teaching, they almost unanimously pre-ferred the joint use of MOOCs with face-to-face teaching, showing reluctance to teaching conducted only online through MOOCs.

Keywords cursos online · masivos y abiertos · innovación docente · nuevas tecnologías · clase invertida · massive open online courses · MOOC · teaching innovation · communication technologies · flipped classroom

LanguageSpanish
ISSN2444-250X
RefereedYes
RightsCC BY-NC-ND
URLhttps://www.tecnologia-ciencia-educacion.com/judima/index.php/TCE/article/download/439/287
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



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