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Prospects for university’s open educational resources
Natalia Dneprovskaya and Inessa V. Shevtsova

Original titleОткрытые образовательные ресурсы: современные перспективы
Published20 September 2019
JournalEducation Online
Volume 28, Issue 8-9, Pages 110-118
CountryRussia, Asia

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the study is to identify and justify the modern perspectives of open educational resources (OER) for higher education in Russia. The methodology includes study of initiatives, services, OER tools in Russia and abroad, evaluation of OER development factors. The authors have conducted a survey of university lecturers, processing of the results using statistical methods of analysis. The following prospects for the development and use of OER in higher education are identified: 1) further dissemination of free access to educational materials through the involvement of a wider range of universities; 2) improving the quality of educational materials in the context of expanding access to them; 3) extension of electronic educational environment, since OER are not tied to specific tools or technologies, and may be distributed in social media, mobile applications. The study of international and Russian practice has shown that OER provide methodological support primarily to university lecturers, allowing them to study the best practices of education leaders, to handle OER in accordance with the educational objectives of their courses and the students’ requirements and expectation. As a result of the survey, it was found that 60% of lecturers at Russian universities distribute their own educational materials on the Internet during the educational process for the convenience of students.

ABSTRACT
Цель статьи– представление результатов исследования перспектив от-крытых образовательных ресурсов (ООР) в плане развития системы высшего образования России. Методология включает обзор и анализ инициатив, сервисов, инструментария ООР в РФ и за рубежом. Авторами был проведён опрос преподавателей вузов, а также обработка его результатов с использованием статистических методов. Разработка и использование ООР в системе высшего образования имеет следующие перспективы: 1) дальнейшее распро-странение свободного доступа к образовательным материалам за счёт вовлечения более ши-рокого круга вузов и преподавателей; 2) повышение качества образовательных материалов в условиях расширения свободного доступа; 3) экспансия электронной образовательной среды (ООР не привязаны к конкретным инструментам или технологиям и могут распространять-ся в социальных медиа, мобильных приложениях). Исследование международной и российской практики показало, что ООР оказывают методическую поддержку в первую очередь препода-вателям вузов, позволяя им изучать лучшие практики лидеров образования, перерабатывать ООР в соответствии с учебными целями своих дисциплин и уровнем подготовки студентов. Анализ результатов проведённого опроса позволил выявить особенности использования ООР преподавателями российских вузов и определить основные мотивирующие факторы.

Keywords электронное обучение · открытые образовательные ресурсы · открытая лицензия · Всемирная паутина · массовые открытые онлайн-курсы

LanguageRussian
RefereedYes
DOI10.31992/0869-3617-2019-28-8-9-110-118
Export optionsBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar



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